Consolation No. 3 in D Flat Major, S. 172
Piano Solo - Advanced Intermediate - Digital Download
Composed by Franz Liszt (1811-1886). Romantic Period, Repertoire, Recital. Individual Part. 7 pages. Published by Arte Nova Music Lab (S0.551877).
Item Number: S0.551877
The Consolations are a set of six solo piano works by Franz Liszt. The compositions take the musical
style of Nocturnes with each having its own distinctive style. Each Consolation is composed in either
the key of E major or D-flat major. E major is a key regularly used by Liszt for religious themes.
There exist two versions of the Consolations. The first (S.171a) was composed by Liszt between 1844
and 1849 and published in 1992 by G. Henle Verlag. The second (S.172) was composed between 1849
and 1850 and published in 1850 by Breitkopf & Härtel, containing the familiar Consolation No. 3,
Lento placido, in D-flat Major.
The third Consolation is in D-flat major and initially marked as Lento placido. It is the most popular of
the Consolations and also a favorite encore piece.
Its style is similar to the Chopin Nocturnes, in particular, it seems to have been inspired by Chopin’s
Nocturne Op. 27 No. 2. The similarity between the two works has been interpreted as a tribute to
Chopin who died in 1849, a year before the Consolations were published. This third Consolation is
however one of several of Liszt's works that take a style reminiscent of Chopin; some examples include
Liszt's Polonaises, Berceuse, Mazurka brillante, and his Ballades.
In 1883, years after composing the Consolation, Liszt received a Grand piano from the Steinway
Company with a design that included a sostenuto pedal. Liszt began transcribing this Consolation for
the new sostenuto pedal and in a letter to Steinway he wrote:
"In relation to the use of your welcome tone-sustaining pedal I inclose two examples: Danse des
Sylphes, by Berlioz, and No. 3 of my Consolations. I have today noted down only the introductory bars
of both pieces, with this proviso, that, if you desire it, I shall gladly complete the whole transcription,
with exact adaptation of your tone-sustaining pedal."
Liszt recommended sparing usage of the sostenuto pedal in the interpretation of this Consolation and
opined on the positive effect it would have on the more tranquil passages.
Notes taken from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consolations_(Liszt)#cite_note-
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