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Verbum Caro

By Tomas De Victoria

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Choral Bass 1, Bass 2, tenor voice
Composed by Tomas De Victoria. Arranged by Jeb Mueller. Fold. OCTAVO. 8 pages. Duration 1 minute, 59 seconds. Carl Fischer Music #CM9588. Published by Carl Fischer Music (CF.CM9588).

Item Number: CF.CM9588

ISBN 9781491154106. 6.875 x 10.5 inches. Key: Eb major. Latin. Traditional Latin.

Tomas Luis de Victoria (15481611) is widely considered the greatest Spanish Renaissance composer and one of the most influential musicians of his time. Included in his oeuvre are two settings of the Pange lingua, both produced in 1581. This motet is excerpted from the first of those and incorporates the original Roman melody, or cantus firmus. (He composed his second Pange lingua based on a Spanish melody.) The baritones anchor the motet by singing the tune in augmentation. This line should be intoned with a flowing, legato articulation that incorporates subtle phrasing and text stresses. The more rhythmic tenor and bass lines complement the melody and illustrate the hopeful nature of its text. Singing this piece with two pulses per measure will encourage a steady and vital performance. Composers provided minimal performance details in their scores during this period in music history, so I added a time signature, bar lines, dynamics, and metronome markings in order to facilitate performances that musicologists believe mimic those of Victorias time. It should be noted that dynamics are largely subjective, so performers may make alternative choices. Each tenuto indicates word stress; the most musical performances will incorporate gentle crescendos and decrescendos before and after each of them. Lastly, using minimal vibrato, especially at cadences, will imbue this wonderful motet with style and clarity. PRONUNCIATION GUIDE Victoria received much of his training in Italy, therefore making Italianate Latin most appropriate. Pure vowels are critical to correct pronunciation, and those phonemes remain constant without exceptions. The most problematic of the vowels is o, which sounds similar to the English words bought and got. The letter t should be produced dentally: lift the tongue to the top of the mouth as in English, but aspirate less on the release. All occurrences of s should be soft and never hardened to [z], such as in praise. Verbum caro, panem verum, [v??bum k??? p?n?m v?rum] verbo carnem efficit: fitque sanguis Christi merum. [v??b? k??n?m ??fit?it fitkw? s??gwis k?isti m??um] Et si sensus deficit, ad firmandum cor sin cerum. [?t si s?nsus ?d?fit?it, ?d fi??m?ndum k?? sin t???um] Jeb Mueller.

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