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Turandot Busoni-Verz. 273

A Chinese Fable in 2 Acts after Carlo Gozzi

By Ferruccio Busoni

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Voices and piano
A Chinese Fable in 2 Acts after Carlo Gozzi. Composed by Ferruccio Busoni (1866-1924). Edited by Philipp Jarnach. Edition Breitkopf. Early 20th Century. Piano reduction. Breitkopf and Haertel #EB-5314. Published by Breitkopf and Haertel (BR.EB-5314).

Item Number: BR.EB-5314

ISBN 979-0-004-16393-1. 7.5 x 10.5 in inches.

Text by the composer based on a drama by Carlo Gozzi
Translation: engl. (L. Salter), ital. (O. Previtali) Text by the composer based on a drama by Carlo Gozzi
Translation: engl. (L. Salter), ital. (O. Previtali)
Place: Im äußersten Orient. Vor dem Stadttor Pekings, Thronsaal im Kaiserpalast, das Frauengemach Turandots
Characters: Altoum, Kaiser (bass) - Turandot, seine Tochter (soprano) - Adelma, ihre Vertraute (mezzo-soprano) - Kalaf, Sohn des Timur, ein Prinz (tenor) - Barak, sein Getreuer (baritone) - Die Königinmutter von Samarkand, eine Mohrin (soprano) - Truffaldino, Haupt der Eunuchen (tenor) - Pantalone, Minister (bass) - Tartaglia, Minister (bass) - Acht Doktoren (4 tenors, 4 basses) - Eine Vorsängerin (mezzo-soprano) - Der Scharfrichter (stumme Rolle)

Busoni’s work, which antedates Puccini’s famous setting by a few years, seems rather cool in com-parison to the later piece. "Busoni tones down the colors of his orientalisms and totally eschews sentimental lyricism. His strengths lie especially in the scintillating, unfathomable characters and in a music that hovers in an ambivalent manner between brightness and darkness, sadness and humor, danger and harmlessness. This work of art makes its references clear: Gozzi’s play about the murderous princess is peopled with familiar commedia dell’arte figures, and one is not quite sure whether this mixture of fun and danger gives a more relaxed feeling to the activity on the stage or whether it does not do precisely the opposite, adding the irreconcilable perspective of a gondola trip on the edge of a bottomless gulf. Busoni is more faithful to Gozzi than Puccini and thus to the gracious levity that hovers over the excesses of the action. His mild chinoiseries repeatedly lead to a Neo-Classicism inspired by Venetian folklore.” (Hans-Klaus Jungheinrich, 1985) "Turandot" was premiered with "Arlecchino" in Zurich on 11 May 1917. im Auftrag des franzosischen Konigs Ludwig XVIII. der nach der endgultigen Niederlage Napoleons kurz zuvor den Thron bestiegen hatte. Der Konig wollte mit diesem Werk Ludwigs XVI. gedenken - seines alteren Bruders der 1793 hingerichtet worden war. Die Urauffuhrung fand am 16. Januar 1817 in der Kathedrale zu St. Denis statt. Danach wurde das Requiem rasch in ganz Europa bekannt - und es erklang z. B. auch zu Beethovens Beisetzung 1827 in Wien.

Auffallig ist der dem Anlass gemasse Verzicht auf solistisch-virtuose Gesangsstimmen und die Reduzierung der hellen Instrumentalfarben: die.

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