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Tristan and Isolde WWV 90

Music Drama in 3 Acts

By Richard Wagner

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Chorus (with soloists) and piano (solos: SMezTTTTBarBarB - choir: TTBB - 3(picc).2.cor ang.2.B-clar.3 - - timp.perc(2) - hp - str / stage music: cor ang.6hn.3trp.3tbne)
Music Drama in 3 Acts. Composed by Richard Wagner (1813-1883). Edited by Otto Singer. Arranged by Otto Singer. Opera. Edition Breitkopf.

Richard Wagner wrote Tristan and Isolde in the years 1857 to 1859. The first edition was published by Breitkopf & Hartel in Leipzig in 1860. The world premiere took place in the Konigliches Hof- und National-Theater in Munich on 10 June 1865 u. Romantic period. Piano/Vocal Score. Breitkopf and Haertel #EB 4505. Published by Breitkopf and Haertel (BR.EB-4505).

Item Number: BR.EB-4505

ISBN 9790004163047. 7.5 x 10.5 inches.

Text by the composer

Translations: engl. (H. und F. Comer), french (A. Ernst/P. Bruck)

Place: Tristan’s ship, King Mark’s castle in Cornwall, Tristan’s castle

Characters: Tristan (tenor) - King Mark (bass) - Isolde (soprano) - Kurwenal (baritone) - Melot (tenor) - Brangane (mezzo-soprano) - Shephard (tenor) - Mate (baritone) - Voice of a young sailor (tenor)

In 1856 pressing financial obligations forced Wagner to interrupt the composition of the "Ring” to work on "Tristan und Isolde". He initially planned a work that was modest in its production and performance demands. The project was also given priority not least because of the prospect of the royalties which he would then receive. He once again turned to Breitkopf & Hartel for the performance material: "‘Tristan und Isolde’ is scheduled to be given its first performance at the end of this year. I still hope that it will take place in Karlsruhe under my guidance. Due to the celebrity that I have now acquired, I assume that a new and easily performable work of mine should be able to spread very quickly across the German stages in its first winter season.” Wagner was wrong. although the publisher had spent a great deal of time and money in producing preliminary material, Wagner wrote to Breitkopf & Hartel from Munich in November 1864: "The squalor of Germany’s opera singers and the vile condition of its opera houses have so far dissuaded me from allowing a performance of ‘Tristan und Isolde’. What I needed was an impassioned young monarch to restore my courage. Next spring you will hear about the work’s premiere in Munich, and you will then hopefully become more confident about this publication.” 1811 im Lauf weniger Wochen fur Heinrich Joseph Baermann (1784-1847) dem Klarinettisten der Munchner Hofkapelle dem das Werk auch gewidmet ist. Carl Maria von Weber schrieb sein Klarinettenkonzert f-moll 1811 im Lauf weniger Wochen fur Heinrich Joseph Baermann (1784-1847) dem Klarinettisten der Munchner Hofkapelle dem das Werk auch gewidmet ist. Die Urauffuhrung fand am 13. Juni 1811 in Munchen mit grossem Erfolg statt. Im Druck erschien das f-moll-Konzert erst 1822.

Das Werk weist die klassische dreisatzige Form auf. Aussergewohnlich sind dabei zwei kleine hochromantische Kammermusiksatze.

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