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20670227
20670227
20670227

O Come All Ye Faithful for Flute & Piano

By Wade

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Flute & Piano - Easy/Beginner - Digital Download
Composed by Wade. Arranged by James M. Guthrie, ASCAP. Christian, Christmas. Score, Solo Part. 4 pages. Published by jmsgu3 (S0.290903).

Item Number: S0.290903

O Come All Ye Faithful arranged with new harmony for the final verse. Score: 3 pages, part: 1 page

O Come, All Ye Faithful

O Come, All Ye Faithful is an English translation of the LatinChristmas carol Adeste Fideles. No one knows exactly who wroteit. One theory holds that King John IV of Portugal (1604–1656)wrote it. Another theory says John F. Wade or John Reading wrote it. Nowadays,we usually attribute it to John Wade. Seems like the oldest manuscript from1751, is owned by Stonyhurst College in Lancashire.

Lyrics

The English translation "O Come, All Ye Faithful" was certainlywritten by Frederick Oakeley, a Catholic priest in 1841. This translation isprobably the most common in the English speaking states. To begin with, thehymn had only four verses. Later, the verses grew to eight. Musicdirectors often cut various verses because otherwise, the song goes too long.Some believe that St. Bonaventure wrote the first Latin lyrics. Others holdthat King John IV of Portugal is responsible. Yet even othersthink the Cistercian monks wrote them.

King John IV

King John IV of Portugal was called "The Musician King."He became king in 1640. In addition to performing the duties of a king, he wasalso a composer and music journalist. King John built a very large musiclibrary. Unfortunately, the library was ruined in 1755 because of the massiveearthquake of Lisbon. In addition to building his library, the king started aMusic School that produced many accomplished musicians. The king also workeddiligently to get instrumental music approved by the Vatican for use in hischurches. Aside from his authorship of Adeste Fideles, he is famousfor another popular choral setting of the Crux Fidelis, a prevalentLenten hymn.

Performance in Context

Verses are sometimes left out because all eight verses would take too longto perform. More to the point though, some of the verses may be unsuitable forwhatever of the church calendar they are intended. The eighth verse deals withthe Epiphany, so it makes sense to sing this on Epiphany Sunday, but not otherSundays. Similarly, other verses are used according to whether the event isMidnight Mass or regular daytime Mass.

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