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Quintet in D Major, Op 1, No. 1

By Andreas and Bernhard Romberg

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Winds and Strings flute, violin, 2 violas and cello
Composed by Andreas and Bernhard Romberg. This edition: Facsimile Editions. A real showpiece for the flute. Classical. Parts. Published by Rosewood Publications (RW.RFE-86).

Item Number: RW.RFE-86


This quintet was composed jointly by the cousins Bernhard Romberg (1767-1841) and Andreas Romberg (1767-1821). Andreas Jakob Romberg was a German violinist and composer. He toured as a soloist, played in the Munster Court Orchestra, and in 1790 joined the court orchestra of the Prince Elector in Bonn, where he met the young Beethoven. Romberg moved to Hamburg in 1793 due to wartime upheavals and joined the Hamburg Opera Orchestra. His first opera, Der Rabe, premiered there in 1794; he also composed his own setting of The Messiah. After a time in Paris, Andreas settled in Hamburg where he became a central figure in the city's musical life. In 1815 he succeeded Louis Spohr as music director at the court of the Duke, in Gotha, Thuringia, where he died. Bernhard Heinrich Romberg was a German cellist and composer. Along with cousin Andreas, he toured Europe, played in the Munster Court Orchestra, and in 1790 joined the Court Orchestra in Bonn, and was reportedly admired and respected by Beethoven. However, Romberg had difficulty understanding Beethoven's musical ideas and is said to have declined Beethoven's offer of a cello concerto for him. Romberg was responsible for several important innovations in cello design and performance. He lengthened the cello's fingerboard and flattened the side under the C string, thus giving it more freedom to vibrate. He also suggested that half-size and 3/4 size cellos should be designed to make it easier for young children to play the instrument. All modern cellists should be thankful for Romberg simplifying cello notation to only three clefs, the bass clef, the tenor clef and the treble clef; until then, it was common to use as many as 6 different clefs for the instrument. Romberg was one of the first cellists to perform from memory. He died at Hamburg.

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